Project 2 : 'OKTO dwellings for aging society' by Vipavee Weerarattrakoon


Dwellings for the Aging Society

               The most significant issue in Bangkok in the future decades is the shift in population demographics. Thai population is getting older as the number of senior citizens is increasing significantly throughout the past 20 years. Thailand is entering into an aging society - defined as a society having citizens aged 60 or above greater than 10 percent of the overall population. People are living longer due to medical and technological, health care, nutrition, and sanitation advance. The number of elderly in the future is predicted in the next 30 years to increase over 10 million people. 

 There is a high tendency that the senior citizens have to depend upon themselves more in their routines and daily life the economic situation that may force middle age or working group to be very economically active that they have limited time for their elderly parents that need to be taken care. This cause issues among older people to be emotionally unstable with feeling of depression, loneliness, isolation, and boredom. Moreover, elderly can also feel left out and isolated from the society, as they no longer have role or part in society.
                   Designing public housing for the aging society should take both physical state and mental issues into consideration.  Planning and organization of the units must contribute to help the elderly to be self-dependent in their daily routine while also maintaining high security as well as accessibility in the necessary services, facilities, and infrastructure within the collective habitation. The habitation should also engage social interaction both between units and within the public area.


The inhabitant is a senior retired couple who used to work in the city and living a 'city lifestyle'. When retired, the percentage of amount of time spent within their living space increased as they no longer need to work so 80% of the time the space will be occupied.Therefore, the living space should change according to their routine and suitable for the ageing. 



To tackle the psychological problem such as isolation and depression concerning the ageing society, each living unit is facing towards each other with a communal space in the centre to convey the sense of community within the  collective. So the elderly can be living together and sharing and watching out for each other and having the sense that this space is for them and will not feel left out. When they want to socially interact with each other, the tenants can meet at the balcony in the communal space shared with different units. While if they want privacy, they an retrieve back into their own space.

The canonical view shows two different units on top of each other with different type of tenants to express social diversity that the collective habitant can have. However, The habitats do not necessarily have to cater only for the elderly but can be for different target groups as well.